Cloud budget overruns are not attributable to a single root cause but rather encompass a spectrum of diverse factors. These elements combine to create a complex challenge, like a vivid array of jelly bean flavors. Consequently, devising practical strategies to mitigate these overruns requires a thoughtful and nuanced approach that recognizes and addresses the unique characteristics of each contributing factor.
Unforeseen usage patterns
In this scenario, the organization faces the consequences of its cloud success. An increasing number of unanticipated cloud projects emerge, significantly deviating from the initial budget estimates for cloud resources. While these cloud initiatives undeniably bring substantial business value, declining them is often impractical, and even if central IT attempts to veto them, the costs typically find their way into a line-of-business budget. Nonetheless, this situation can generate considerable organizational stress, primarily because the central IT or sourcing teams failed to anticipate such expenditure.
Organizations should view this as a pivotal opportunity to recalibrate their budgeting processes for the digital age. Cloud chargeback mechanisms can foster transparent cost allocation and facilitate more informed decision-making for future endeavors.
The organization often struggles to track and understand its cloud spending beyond the monthly invoices, leading to a lack of clarity regarding where funds are being allocated.
Basic cost hygiene
Addressing unregulated costs requires implementing basic cost management practices.
Organizations should conduct detailed research on their cloud bills to gain insights into expenditure patterns and areas for optimization.
Cost management tools
Utilizing cost management tools is essential to track and manage cloud expenses effectively.
Inefficient development and testing resource utilization
In this context, developers tend to allocate resources that are larger than necessary or err on the side of overestimating their requirements. Consequently, numerous abandoned resources remain idle, and infrastructure dedicated to development and testing, which is not utilized during non-business hours, is left running without suspension. To address this issue effectively, cloud cost management tools prove invaluable by pinpointing instances of evident resource wastage. This enables organizations to take action by either shutting down or suspending these unused resources, ideally implementing automation for efficiency.
Free cloud cost optimization & enhanced ML/AI resource management for a lifetime
Lack of commitment
The organization can secure cost-saving advantages through public discounting mechanisms, such as AWS savings plans and Azure reserved instances, and through entering into contractual agreements to negotiate discounts. However, the organization has chosen not to make any commitments due to uncertainty regarding its future usage and an inability to predict its current utilization accurately. This approach inadvertently leads to excessive expenditure, universally regarded as an ill-advised strategy. For organizations beyond the initial pilot stage with established long-term production applications and some level of usage predictability, committing to resources that are certain to remain in use is advisable.
Misalignment in production resource allocation
Production environments often suffer from overprovisioning, resulting in unnecessary and excessive costs. This is particularly prevalent in on-premises setups, where resource utilization levels can be as low as 30%.
Capital expenditure (CapEx) vs. ongoing cloud costs
Underutilized resources are considered CapEx in traditional setups and can go unnoticed as long as they are within budget. However, these excess resources in cloud computing translate into ongoing monthly expenses, which demand continuous cost evaluation.
Complexity of rightsizing
While rightsizing resources in the cloud sounds simple, the practical implementation is challenging. Applications that scale vertically often cannot be easily adjusted to match their usage.
Technical and operational challenges
Resource knowledge and priorities
The teams managing these applications are typically busy with other priorities, making allocating time and resources to rightsizing efforts challenging.
Frustration in cloud cost management
Complex cross-functional effort
Addressing resource inefficiencies requires a complex, cross-functional effort that involves negotiation and coordination among various stakeholders.
Questioning the value of optimization
In some cases, stakeholders may ask whether the intricate process of resource optimization is worth the effort compared to simply continuing to pay a higher bill.
Excessive production resource allocation
Application teams have encountered issues related to resource allocation in production environments. Specifically, they have either failed to implement autoscaling for applications capable of horizontal scaling or overestimated the amount of headroom required for applications with variable usage patterns. This may lead to allocating excessive compute units or an overly aggressive approach to autoscaling.
Addressing this issue entails the implementation of autoscaling with careful consideration of parameter settings. Furthermore, it prompts the need for a broader discussion about the trade-offs between the costs and benefits associated with consistently higher application performance. This conversation should align with the organization’s business objectives and priorities.
Inefficient design and implementation
In cloud solutions, architects often overlook cost considerations in their designs. This oversight can lead to suboptimal design choices, and changes in application features and behavior over time may unexpectedly result in increased costs stemming from these design decisions. Furthermore, developers may inadvertently write code that performs poorly, consume excessive infrastructure resources, or generate numerous and costly calls to cloud services. In such cases, relying solely on cloud cost management tools may not effectively identify these issues.
Addressing these challenges requires a proactive approach to performance engineering, focusing on assessing the business value associated with the time, effort, and financial investment needed to rectify these issues. For many organizations, this may entail seeking expertise from a third-party specialist who can diagnose the problems and provide recommendations.
It is worth noting that the challenges connected with cloud budget overruns are often more intricate and multifaceted than they may initially appear. So then, the proper solution to these issues is inextricably linked to implementing a cloud cost management tool like OptScale that allows the maintenance of complete cloud budget transparency for each resource used in the cloud.
✔️ Hystax OptScale, a FinOps & MLOps open source platform that helps you optimize cloud costs, bring more cloud usage transparency, and unlock more significant potential in your Machine Learning capabilities, is fully available under Apache 2.0 on GitHub → https://github.com/hystax/optscale.